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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 2/3
PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING COMPUTING
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping

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1THE EFFECTS OF COMPUTERS ON THE CIVIL ENGINEERING PROFESSION  
1.1 The Realities of Computing Needs in Professional Practices
W.T. Bell
1
1.2 The Evolution of Effective Use of Computers in a Design Office for Drawing and Design
A.S. Harper
7
1.3 Legal and Ethical Issues for Civil and Structural Engineering Computer Users
M. Sales and B.H.V. Topping
15
1.4 Program Development, Maintenance and Support
R.H. Lee and R.A. Rao
23
1.5 The Use of Computers in Civil and Structural Engineering in the West Indies - An Overview
M.W. Chin
27
2THE USE OF COMPUTERS ON THE CONSTRUCTION SITE  
2.1 Some Uses of Micro Computers in Site Management
M.R. Devonshire and H.C. Devonshire
33
2.2 Some Applications of Computer based Planning and Information Systems in The Construction Site Environment
S.B. Davies
45
2.3 Mexican Experience in the Use of Micro-Computers on the Construction Site
J. Hartasanchez-Garana
53
3COMPUTERS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT  
3.1 Information Technology Planning for Construction Companies
C.M. Turk
59
3.2 Project Control Information Systems: Performance, Interfaces, Security and Control Issues
R.S. Otter
69
3.3 CASPAR - A Program for Engineering Project Appraisal and Management
P.A. Thompson and G. Willmer
75
3.4 Development of a Microcomputer based Model for Road Investment in Developing Countries
R.H. Kerali, L.L. Parsley, R. Robinson and M.S. Snaith
83
3.5 The Application of Portable Computers to Production Analysis
M.W. Emsley and F.C. Harris
87
3.6 Qumic-Quantities on Micro
L.M. Hughes
95
3.7 Computerised Estimating and Preparation of Bills of Quantities
R.J. Anderson and D.T.A. Kitley
103
3.8 Computing for Project Management - The Next Generation
M. Barnes, A. Clarb and A. Norman
111
4DATA BASES: MANAGEMENT, STORAGE AND ANALYSIS  
4.1 A Microcomputer Database and Information System for Engineering Management
J.S. Maxwell
115
4.2 Database and Data Communications - The Relevance to Civil Engineering Industry
A.P. Munton
123
4.3 Computer Storage, Management and Analysis of Data Arising from Investigations into Structural Deterioration
T.J.A. Agar and C.J. Kendall
131
4.4 The Scope of Microcomputer based Road Maintenance Management Packages for Use in Developing Countries
M.S. Snaith, R. Robinson, W.T. Bell and H.R. Kerali
135
5COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN  
5.1 BUILDS-A: A Three-Dimensional Analysis Program for Building Structure
C-K. Choi and E-D. Kim
141
5.2 Computer Aided Design of Wood Trusses using Nailplate Connectors
M. Mikkola, Kakela and Pihlaja Oy
149
5.3 The Drawing Office as a Flexible Manufacturing System
D. Walker
155
5.4 CAD - Panacea or Pain
L.M. Szarski
161
5.5 A New Generation of High Standard Computer Programs to Make Static Calculations and Drawings for Structural Engineering Constructions Automatically
F. Derflinger
167
5.6 Post Processing the Design Details - Trends and Techniques
C.V. Vaidyanathan
173
6COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING  
6.1 CADD - The Direction and Consequences for the Design Office
D. Taffs
179
6.2 Computer Aided Design and Drafting - Achieving the Benefits
R.N. MacDonald
183
6.3 Introduction, Use and Management of Computer Aided Drafting in the Construction Industry
D.J. Verran
187
6.4 Surface Modelling in The Context of a General Drafting System
M.P. McGarry
195
7THE USE OF MICROCOMPUTERS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING  
7.1 Some Micro-Computer Applications in Structural Analysis and Design
U.D. Madi
201
7.2 GREASE - a Micro-Computer Graphical Extensions for Architecture and Structural Engineering
H.P. Santo
205
7.3 The Development of the STRAND Structural Analysis Package
H.B. Harrison
213
7.4 Microcomputer Software for Steel and Composite Structural Elements
L. Lawo
221
7.5 Automated Design of Non-Equipment Bridges
B.W. Golley, M.F. Hender and J. Petrolito
227
8THE USE OF MICRO-COMPUTERS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING  
8.1 Computer Aided Concrete Mix Design
K.C. Hover
233
8.2 Visual Grading of Timber with a Computer
A. Jospeh and A.K. Sharma
239
9STRUCTURAL CONFIGURATION AND ANALYSIS  
9.1 TENSYL: An Integrated CAD Approach to Stressed Membrane Structures
D.S. Wakefield
247
9.2 Determination of Cable Roof Configurations using Formex Algebra
K. Ahmadi-Kashani, A.J. Bell and T.Y. Ho
255
9.3 Formex Algebra in a Design Office
S.C. Baird and P.G. King
265
9.4 Numerical Data in the Development of Multi-Discipline Projects
U.K. Bunni and I.N.A. Cheah
273
10ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES  
10.1 Programs for a Bridge Design Office
S.R. Sangakkara and A. Low
281
10.2 The Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beam and Column Sections
R.H. Scott, A.T. Stevens and S. Black
291
10.3 Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures
H. Corres and J. Leon
297
10.4 Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams in Torsion
D.V. Phillips and M.S. Mohamed
305
10.5 Concrete Building Design in Your Pocket
J.J. Shiel and R.G. Smith
313
10.6 Micro CP110
J. Siefert and M.J. Wyatt
319
11ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES  
11.1 Design Equations for Gusset Plates based upon Nonlinear Connection Analysis
R.M. Richard and G.C. Williams
327
11.2 Influence of Torsional Stiffness of I-Girders in the Analysis of Curved Girder Bridges
A.K. Azad, M.H. Baluch and A. Ali
335
11.3 Bolted Moment Connections with End-Plates in Structural Steel Frames
I. Khan-Kernahan and A.K. Sharma
341
12PLASTIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FRAMES  
12.1 Comuter Aided Demonstratin of Elasto-Plastic Behaviour of Steel Members
K.T. Leung and M.U. Hosain
349
12.2 Plastic Design and Stability of One-Storey Frames
Y. Delos
353
12.3 On Computer Plastic Analysis of Framed Structures
E. Erbatur
357
12.4 The Minimum Weight Concept in Interactive Plastic Design
A. Jennings and T.H.K. Tam
363
13OPTIMUM STRUCTURAL DESIGN  
13.1 Minimum Weight Design of Cold-Formed Steel Sections
V. Thevendran and N.E. Shanmugam
369
13.2 Linear Programming in Prestressed Trusses
R. Levy
377
13.3 A Rapid Optimization Procedure for Laminated Composite Plates
L. Weiji
383
13.4 A Structural Optimization Programming System for Teaching and Design
D.J. Gunarahnam
391
14ANALYSIS OF PLATES  
14.1 Elasticity Versus Finite Strip Analysis or Orthotropic Folded Plates
M.J. Lowreym
399
14.2 Elasto-Plastic Large Deflection Analysis of Circular Plates - A Comparison Between Full-Section and Layered Yield Criteria Predications
G.J. Turvey and N.G.V. Der Avanessian
405
14.3 The Improvement of Stress Fields using the Assumed-Stress Hybrid Approach
H.C. Huang and J.Y. Zhang
415
15DYNAMIC PROBLEMS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING  
15.1 A Unified Approach to the Static, Buckling and Vibration Analysis and Design of Structures with Collinear Nodes using Micro-Computers
W.P. Howson and F.W. Williams
1
15.2 Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of Shear-Type Buildings
M. Sobaih and A.S. Hussein
9
15.3 Symbolic Computing for the Analysis of Wind Turbine Dymamics
D.C. Quarton and A.D. Garrad
17
15.4 A Computer Model for Bridge-Vehicle Systems
P. Swannell, C.W. Miller and R. Duczmal
25
16FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF LARGE SYSTEMS  
16.1 The Use of Supercomputers to Solve Large Non-Linear Structural Analysis Problems
R.A. Parris and S. Gupta
33
16.2 Structural Analysis of Circular Concrete Tanks for Water Treatment and Storage using SHELAX, a Finite Element Analysis Program for Axisymmetric Structures
A.J. Davis
41
16.3 Analysis of Large Systems - Arch Dams
J.P.F. O'Connor
49
16.4 Hierarchical Refinement in Finite Element Incremental Contact Problem Analysis
L.R. Fang and L.Y. Cheng
57
16.5 The LUCAS Finite Element System with Reference to the Construction Industry
D.J. Irving and L.P.R. Lyons
63
17NON-LINEAR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS  
17.1 Numerical Analysis of Bifurcation Equilibrium Paths of Geometrically Nonlinear Structures
F. Nishino, W. Hartono, O. Fujiwara and P. Kadasudhi
71
17.2 A Basic Program for Non-Linear MDF Systems
S. Ginsburgh
79
17.3 Non-Linear Analysis of Stompdrift Multi-Arch Dam
J.P.F. O'Connor
83
17.4 Non-Linear Rayleigh - Ritz Analysis by Microcomputer
G.W. Hunt, R.G. Cowell and P.G. Duxbury
91
18MATRIX SOLUTION SCHEMES  
18.1 An Algorithm for Profile and Wavefront Reduction in Finite Element Analysis
S.W. Sloan
99
18.2 Static Condensation for Symmetric Banded Matrices with Minimum Memory Requirements
A. Recurero and J.P. Gutierrez
105
18.3 Numerical Error or Elimination Method for Large Sparse Set of Linear Equations
T. Tanaguchi, N. Shiraishi and A. Soga
111
19STATIC AND DYNAMIC REANALYSIS  
19.1 Rank-Updating Techniques in Reanalysis
A. Jennings
119
19.2 A Boundary Element Row-Solver Algorithm for the Reanalysis of Problems with Uncertain Boundary
M.C. Au
125
19.3 Dynamic Reanalysis
J.P.A. Burns and D.R. Green
131
19.4 Static Reanalysis of Structures: A Review
A.M. Abu Kassim and B.H.V. Topping
137
20THE THEOREMS OF STRUCTURAL VARIATION  
20.1 Theorems of Structural Variations - Concerning the Inverse of the Stiffness Matrix
A.A. Filali
149
20.2 Nonlinear Analysis of Space Trusses by the Theorem of Structural Variation
M.P. Saka and T. Celik
153
20.3 The Theorems of Structural Variation for Linear and Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis
A.M. Abu Kassim and B.H.V. Topping
159
21UNCERTAINTY IN CIVIL ENGINEERING  
21.1 Optimum Aseismic Design using Fuzzy Sets and Empirical Connectives
H. Futura, K. Furukawa, N. Ahirashi and J.T.P. Yao
173
21.2 Optimum Structural Design under Uncertainty
A.B. Templeman, Q. Ling-Xi and L. Xing-si
179
21.3 Logical Interference from Uncertain Knowledge in Civil Engineering
D.I. Blockley
185
21.4 Response Functions in Reliability Analysis of Structural Systems
D.M. Frangopol and R. Nakib
189
22ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT: MASONRY AND REINFORCED CONCRETE BRIDGES  
22.1 Applications of Non-Linear Finite Element Codes to Masonry Arches
K.D.S. Towler
197
22.2 The Assessment of Load Carrying Capacity of Masonry Arch Bridges
S.R. Davies
203
22.3 Assessment and Design of Masonry Arch Structures using a Microcomputer
W.J. Harvey
207
22.4 Computer Methods for the Analysis of Masonry Arches
M.A. Crisfield
213
22.5 Numerical Assessment of Existing Concrete Structures
G. Baker and A.D. Edwards
221
23WATER ENGINEERING: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN  
23.1 The Use of a Microcomputer for the Simulation of Flows in the Dunfermline Sewerage System
C. Jeffries and R.M. Ashley
229
23.2 Determining the Least Cost Spanning Network for a System of Pipes by the Use of Dynamic Programming
G.A. Waters and S.J. McKechnie
237
23.3 Real Time River Flow Forecasting
A. Dickson and G. Fleming
245
23.4 A Program for Seepage Analysis based on a Boundary Integral Method
L.T. Isaacs
253
23.5 Computer Aided Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants
D.J. Elliorr and J. Pocas
259
24COMPUTERS AND SURVEYING  
24.1 Developments in Field Computing for Pipeline Work
D.J. Gedge
267
24.2 Computer Aided Hydrographic Surveying
J.C. McIlwrath
273
25GEOTECHNICAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN  
25.1 Automated Design of Pile Group Geometry
A.R. Selby and C.N. Jolley
277
25.2 Numerical Modelling of a Plate Anchor
D.A. Pooniah
281
25.3 Computer Design of Pile Foundations by Critical Depth Method
T.A.H. Dodd
291
26GEOTECHNICAL DATA PROCESSING  
26.1 GEOSHARE - Geotechnical Data Processing for Analytical Results
D.E. Wainwright, L.A. Wood and E.V. Tucker
297
26.2 Microcomputer Framework for Geotechnical Site Characterisation
N. Duplancic and G.A. Righetti
303
27DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS  
27.1 Data Acquisition and Communications using Unattended Computers
R.L. Sack, J.J. Pinkard and J.S. Haldeman
309
27.2 The Use of Computers for Building Monitoring and Management
R.I. Lewis
317
27.3 A Micro-Computer Controlled Hydraulic Loading System for Structures Laboratories
S. Fyffe and S. Sarkar
325
27.4 Computer Control of a Complex Fatigue Test
A.F. Dier and R.E. Hobbs
331
27.5 Automated Testing of Thin-Walled Steel Structures under Repetitive Loading by Microcomputer System
Y. Niwa, E. Watanabe and H. Isami
337
28DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS - GEOTECHNICAL AND SOIL TESTING APPLICATIONS  
28.1 Continuous Loading Consolidation Tests
L.R. Davison
345
28.2 An Application of Microcomputers to the Laboratory Testing of Soils
D.B. Clinton and R.I. Woods
349
28.3 Computer Aided Data Logging
A. Prince
353
28.4 From Test to Report: A Versatile Data Handling System for Civil Engineering Laboratories
S. Fyffe and G.A. Murray
361
28.5 An Intelligent Data-Logger Applied to Soils Testing
V.G. Over
367
28.6 Microcomputer Controlled Dynamic Testing of Geotextile Separating Membranes in Road Construction
C. Davis, S.R Cochrane and A. Thompson
377
28.7 Monitoring Pile Hammer Performance
T.J. Poskitt, I.J. Solomon and G. Ward
381
29EXPERT SYSTEMS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING  
29.1 Can Expert Systems Help the Construction Industry?
D.M. Wager
387
29.2 Knowledge-Based Expert Systems in Structural Engineering
H. Adeli
391
29.3 The Integration of an Expert System into the Construction Planning Process
D.A. Wijesundera and F.C. Harris
399
29.4 Implementation Issues of Hydrological Expert Systems - A Civil Engineering Case Study
K. Ahmad, A.J. Langdon, W.D. Moss and R.K. Price
407
29.5 Some Experiences from Evaluating Expert System Shell Programs and Some Potential Applications
R.J. Allwood, D.J. Stewart and E.G. Trimble
415
30THE IMPACT OF COMPUTERS ON CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION  
30.1 The Effects of Developments in the Use of Microcomputers at North American Universities
J. Christian
421
30.2 "CECILS" - An Application of Individualised Teaching Through CBE
W.M. Jenkins
425
30.3 Microcomputer-Aided Education of Structural Engineers
S. Ginsburg
431
30.4 A Problem Solving Approach to the Teaching of Civil Engineering Computing
P. Swannell and L.T. Isaacs
435
30.5 Computers in Civil Engineering Education - A Multidimensional Resource
R.H. Lee and A.R. Rao
439
30.6 Computer Aided Education in Structural Engineering
N. Haritos
443
30.7 Preparing Civil Engineering Graduates for a Computer Oriented Career
P.J. Hoadley
449
30.8 Computer Assisted Learning in Structural Steel Design
I.W. Burgess, G.W. Owens, R. Plank and H.D. Wright
455
30.9 A Computer Aided Learning Package on Stiffness Method and its Application
J.M. Ko, P.K.S. Lam and C.W. Wong
461
30.10 Computer Aided Instruction for the Design of Steel
K.W. Marr and F.E. Otte II
467
30.11 The Use of Computers and Computer Graphics in the Teaching of Structural Analysis
A.G. Smyrell
473
30.12 A Simple and Effective Computer Aided Instruction System
M.U. Hosain
479
30.13 Computer Aided Instruction in Engineering Surveying
P.H. Milne
483

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