**DYNAMICS OF RAILWAY BRIDGES** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY J.M. GOICOLEA AND R.A.B. CALÇADA |

1 |
The Dynamic Behaviour of Bridge Bearings for Railway Bridges under Running Vehicles
E. Choi, S.Y. Lee, J. Park, K.T. Yang and B.S. Cho |

2 |
Construction Engineering of the Madrid-Barcelona-French Border High Speed Railway Viaduct over the River Fluvià
T. Polo Orodea, C. Ramos Moreno, Á.C. Aparicio Bengoechea and G. Ramos Schneider |

3 |
Preliminary Dynamic Assessment of Railway Bridges subject to Higher Speeds
C. Johansson, C. Pacoste and R. Karoumi |

4 |
The Ultimate Response of Slender Bridges subjected to Braking Forces
A. Tesar |

5 |
Dynamic Analysis of the Santana do Cartaxo Viaduct: Definition of the Experimental Verification using Statistical Analysis of the Numerical Results
A.H. Jesus, Z. Dimitrovová and M.A.G. Silva |

6 |
An Integral Bridge Concept in Avoiding Railway Expansion Joints
D. Decloedt, B. De Pauw and Ph. Van Bogaert |

7 |
Influence of Vibration Amplitude on the Response of a Ballasted Railway Bridge
M. Ülker-Kaustell |

8 |
Evolution with Time of Vertical Train Car Accelerations on Bridges and Viaducts
Ph. Van Bogaert |

9 |
A Wheel-Rail Contact Model Pre-Processor for Train-Structure Dynamic Interaction Analysis
P. Montenegro e Almeida, R. Calçada and N. Vila Pouca |

10 |
A Parametric Study of the Dynamic Effects of Underpasses of High-Speed Railway Lines
L. Hermanns, J. Vega, E. Alarcon and A. Fraile |

11 |
Railway Bridge Dynamics under New Multiple Units on the European Network
C. Anicotte, P. Schmitt and I. Bucknall |

12 |
The Influence of Slender Pier Structures of Two Railway Viaducts on the Bridge Dynamics
B. De Pauw and Ph. Van Bogaert |

13 |
The Stability of Ballasted Tracks Supported on Vibrating Bridge Decks, Abutments and Transition Zones
M. Baeßler, J. Bronsert, P. Cuéllar and W. Rücker |

14 |
The Influence of Combined Track-Structure Response on the Substructure of Railway Viaducts
J. Thielemans and B. De Pauw |

15 |
Numerical Study on the Fatigue Behaviour of a Concrete Slab Track
R.C. Yu, E. Poveda, J.C. Lancha, E. Arredondo and G. Ruiz |

16 |
Fatigue Problems of Steel Bridges
Sh. Urushadze, L. Frýba, M. Škaloud, M. Pirner and M. Zörnerová |

17 |
Analysis of Resonant Railway Bridges Considering Soil-Structure Dynamic Interaction
A. Romero, J. Domínguez and P. Galvín |

18 |
Design of Tall Piers for Railway Bridges using Ant Colony Optimization
F.J. Martínez-Martín, F. González-Vidosa and A. Hospitaler |

19 |
Fibre Reinforced Polymer Railway Decking
L. Canning |

**MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF RAILROAD VEHICLE SYSTEMS: ENHANCEMENTS AND APPLICATIONS** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY A.A. SHABANA, H. SUGIYAMA, K.E. ZAAZAA AND J.L. ESCALONA |

20 |
A Dynamic Formulation for Railroad Vehicles using Trajectory Coordinates
A.M. Recuero, J.L. Escalona and R. Chamorro |

21 |
A Design Process for a Railway-Car Body with Aluminium Extrusion Panels using Structural Optimization
H.A. Lee, S.B. Jung, H.H. Jang, D.H. Shin, J.U. Lee, K.W. Kim and G.J. Park |

22 |
Novel Rail Vehicle Concepts for a High Speed Train: The Next Generation Train
J. Winter |

23 |
Locomotive Cab Whole-Body Vibration Assessments and Methods to Identify Seat-Motion Artifacts
A.M. DiFiore, A.K. Zaouk, N.J. Mansfield, S.K. Durrani and S.K. Punwani |

24 |
Innovative Cork Composite Solutions for a New Generation of Very High Speed Trains
C.J. Ribeiro, A. Marques, A. Coelho, C. Martins, H. Gouveia, E.J. Silva and M.A. Estrela |

25 |
The Influence of Bearing Flexibility on High Speed Vehicles
C. Casanueva, A. Alonso and J.G. Giménez |

26 |
Evaluation of the Admissible Longitudinal Compressive Forces by Means of Multibody Train Simulations
L. Cantone, D. Negretti and V. Vullo |

27 |
Using the ERTMS Reference Laboratory for the Validation and Commissioning of New Lines
R. Cáceres, J. Tamarit, D. Molina, M. Lopez, M. González and M. Fernández |

28 |
Analysis of Longitudinal Forces in Heavy and Long Trains
G.F.M. dos Santos, R.S. Barbosa and R. Joy |

29 |
Stochastic Railway Dynamics: Modelling and Simulation
W.V. Wedig |

30 |
Numerical Analysis of Derailed Vehicle Motion from Wheel-Sleeper Impacts
H. Sunami, Y. Terumichi and M. Adachi |

31 |
Practical Use of a Vehicle Vibration Control System using Secondary Variable Vertical Dampers on a Sightseeing Train
Y. Sugahara, T. Kojima, T. Morimitsu, S. Matsunaga, Y. Igarashi and Y. Akami |

32 |
Wheel Profile Optimization for High Speed Railways Considering Equivalent Conicity
J. Santamaria, J. Herreros, E.G. Vadillo, N. Correa and O. Oyarzabal |

33 |
Modal Vibration Characteristics of Flexural Vibrations in Railway Vehicle Carbodies
T. Tomioka, T. Takigami and K. Aida |

34 |
Enhanced Vehicle-Track Modelling: Methods, Models and Results
I. Kaiser |

35 |
A Study of Matching Relations between Equipment Suspension Parameters and Carbody Structure
H.C. Wu, P.B. Wu, D.L. Yu and C.L. Zhao |

36 |
Railway Composite Multifunction Structures: An Innovative Numerical Methodology to Evaluate Performance and Requirements
P. Pantaleone |

37 |
The Use of a Displacement-Dependent Rubber Bush to Prevent Bending Vibration of a Carbody
T. Takigami, T. Tomioka, M. Yamanokuchi, Y. Higashi and K. Suzuki |

38 |
Finite Element Simulation of the Quasi-Static Homologation Procedure for Prestressed Concrete Sleepers
B.O. Omondi, H. Sol and S.M. Shitote |

**TRACK CONDITION MONITORING AND MAINTENANCE** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY C. VALE AND A. BRACCIALI |

39 |
Ballasted Track Superstructures: Performance of Innovative Railway Sleepers
M. Guerrieri and D. Ticali |

40 |
CALEPIN: Optimizing Track Works during the Summer
E. Laurans, P. Mirambeau, P. Petit and P. Pouligny |

41 |
Optimization of Track Maintenance Scheduling considering the Use of Multiple Tamping Machine Types
L. Quiroga and E. Schnieder |

42 |
The Impact of Rail Corrugation on the Degradation of Ballast
J.N. Varandas, R. Silva, M.A.G. Silva, N. Lopes and P. Hölscher |

43 |
A Track Quality Monitoring System Designed to be Installed on Vehicles in Normal Operation
A.N. Barbera, R. Corradi, P. Barilaro, Z. Li and P.L. Wacrenier |

44 |
Optimization of the Maintenance of Locomotives using a Consolidated Indicators Panel
L.M. Vianna, I.A. Júnior, G.M.C. Viglioni, L.A.S. Lopes, R.A.M. Bandeira and M.N. Machados |

45 |
The Geometrical Rail Track Degradation Process in the Portuguese Northern Line using a Stochastic Model
C. Vale and M.L. Simões |

46 |
Anomaly Detection in Curve Streams using the Fisher Score Test: Application to Railway Switch Monitoring
E. Côme, A. Samé, P. Aknin and M. Antoni |

47 |
A New Method to Evaluate Track Conditions over Time
N. Bosso, A. Gugliotta and N. Zampieri |

48 |
Predictive Railway Maintenance based on Statistical Analysis of Track Geometric Parameters
R. Insa, P. Salvador and J. Inarejos |

49 |
Monitoring of Interaction between Railway Superstructure and Bridge
O. Plasek, O. Svabensky and M. Valenta |

50 |
Monitoring for Track Works
E. Laurans, P. Petit, J-M. Pissot and P. Pouligny |

51 |
High-Speed Alternating Current Field Measurement Inspection of Rails
B. Blakeley and M. Lugg |

52 |
A Mathematical Model for Railway Track Settlement
A. Chudzikiewicz, J. Drozdziel, B. Sowinski and A. Szulczyk |

53 |
Modelling the Railway Track Infrastructure Variability for Maintenance Operations Optimization
N. Rhayma, Ph. Bressolette, P. Breul and S. Costa D'Aguiar |

54 |
Heavy Rail Maintenance Machinery and System Innovations: The Technical, Procedural and Human Challenges Posed by Their Introduction and Piloting within the United Kingdom
B. Counter, A. Abutair, A. Franklin and D. Tann |

**VEHICLE STABILITY AND CURVING ISSUES** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY K. ZBOINSKI AND S. IWNICKI |

55 |
The Assessment of Railway Track Conicity and the Question of Limit Radius
Y. Bezin and A. Alonso |

56 |
A Study of the Steering Ability Index for Railway Vehicles
G. Shen and H. Wang |

57 |
Stabilization of Single Axle Truck Hunting Motion using a Gyroscopic Damper with a Gravitational Restoring Mechanism
S.P. Lin, D. Tomimatsu, K. Nishimura, H. Yabuno and Y. Suda |

58 |
Design Principles for High Speed Vehicle Suspensions based on Hunting Stability
C.H. Huang, J. Zeng, R. Luo, Y.J. Wang and N. Wu |

59 |
Mechanical Semi-Active Control for Radial Steering Curving of Railway Vehicles
H. Wang and G. Shen |

60 |
Optimisation of Railway Polynomial Transition Curves: A Method and Results
K. Zboinski and P. Woznica |

61 |
A Comparative Study of Two Different Anti-hunting Modes for High-Speed Bogies
M.W. Piao, S.L. Liang, W.G. Kong, Z.G. Fang and W.Z. Zhao |

62 |
Research on Linear and Nonlinear Stability of Wheelsets with Primary Suspension
H. Dong, J. Zeng, Y. Wang, R. Luo and Z.P. Yang |

63 |
Roller Rig Implementation of Active Wheelset Steering
J. Kalivoda and P. Bauer |

64 |
Research on the Swaying Phenomenon of the High-Speed Electric Multiple Unit
R. Luo, J. Zeng, H.Y. Dai and W.X. Teng |

65 |
Dynamic Characteristics of a New Guiding System
J.M.C.S. André |

66 |
Eigenvalue Analysis of Railroad Vehicles Including Track Flexibility
J.L. Escalona, R. Chamorro and A.M. Recuero |

67 |
A Simulation Study of the Track Gauge Influence on Railway Vehicle Stability in Curves
K. Zboinski and M. Dusza |

68 |
How to Find a Compromise between Track Friendliness and the Ability to Run at High Speed
E. Andersson, S. Stichel, A. Orvnäs and R. Persson |

69 |
Computer Aided Design for Spatial Railway Transition Curves
L. Lazarevic, Z. Popovic and L. Puzavac |

**MODELLING AND SIMULATION TECHNIQUES IN RAILWAY DYNAMICS FOR VIRTUAL HOMOLOGATION** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY B. SUAREZ AND A. FACCHINETTI |

70 |
Simulation Tools for Virtual Homologation of Pantographs
J.-P. Massat, C. Laurent, T.M.L. Nguyen-Tajan, A. Facchinetti and S. Bruni |

71 |
Reliable Stress Predictions for the Design of High Speed Trains
S.S. Ding, L.F. Jin, M. Gong, A.Q. Tian and Z. Zhang |

72 |
Experience with the Testing of Railway Vehicles according to the European Standards
J. Capek and Z. Malkovský |

73 |
Middle-Frequency Wheel-Rail Contact Forces of High Speed Trains and the Validation of a Model with Field Measurements
X.C. Jin |

74 |
Mesh Sensitivity Analysis in the Design of High Speed Trains
A.Q. Tian, L.F. Jin, M. Gong, S.S. Ding and Z. Zhang |

75 |
The Influence of Modelling of the Suspension Components on the Virtual Homologation of a Railway Vehicle
L. Mazzola, S. Alfi and S. Bruni |

76 |
A Simulation of Train Overriding and Lateral Buckling during Collision Accidents
J.W. Sun, L.H. Ren and W.B. Wang |

77 |
The Influence of the Inter-Vehicle Suspension on the High Speed Electric Multiple Unit
Y. Wang, C.H. Huang, H.J. Kang, X.W. Song and J.Y. Guo |

78 |
SiPESC Based Optimization for the Design of High Speed Trains
M. Gong, A.Q. Tian, S.S. Ding, S. Zhang and Z. Zhang |

79 |
A Dynamic Study of a High Speed Electric Multiple Unit Based on a Flexible Car Body
P.B. Wu, Y.L. Shan, H.C. Wu and J. Zeng |

80 |
Numerical Studies of Rivets in the Design of a High Speed Train
Z. Zhang, H.F. Ye, L.F. Jin, Y.L. Liu, Z.Q. Xie and H.W. Zhang |

**NON-INTRUSIVE INSPECTION AND DATA ANALYSIS FOR PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY J. JAISWAL AND Z. LI |

81 |
Condition Monitoring of Railway Components using Optical Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors
S.J. Buggy, S.W. James, S. Staines, R. Carroll, P. Kitson, D. Farrington, L. Drewett, J. Jaiswal and R.P. Tatam |

82 |
Reinforcement Analysis of a Railway Arch Bridge
S.G. Cao, R.L. Chen and H.L. Tan |

83 |
Genetic Algorithms for Optimization of Railway Track Maintenance and Renewal Activities
H. Guler, C. Hosgor, Y. Yavuz, M. Kurkcuoglu and V. Isler |

84 |
Detection of Bolt Tightness of Fish-plated Joints using Axle Box Acceleration
Z. Li, M. Oregui, R. Carroll, S. Li and J. Moraal |

85 |
Maintenance Performance Indicators for Railway Infrastructure Management
C. Stenström, A. Parida and D. Galar |

86 |
Ultrasonic Testing of Hollow Axles with a Conical Rotation Scanner Phased Array Probe
U. Völz, R. Boehm, T. Heckel and W. Spruch |

87 |
Fatigue Crack Growth in Railway Steel
D.F.C. Peixoto, P.M.S.T. de Castro and L.A.A. Ferreira |

88 |
A Method of Measurement for the Diameter of Wheel Sets using Encoders
J. Kosmol and A. Kolka |

89 |
Virtual Maintenance Laboratory (VirMaLab): A Modelling Approach for Optimizing Maintenance Strategies
L. Bouillaut, P. Aknin, I. Ayadi and S. Bondeux |

90 |
On a Methodical Design Approach for Train Self-Powered Hot Box Detectors
M. Koch, M. Kurch and D. Mayer |

**WHEEL-RAIL CONTACT TRIBOLOGY** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY R. LEWIS AND U. OLOFSSON |

91 |
A Field Test Study of Leaf Contamination on Railhead Surfaces
Y. Zhu, U. Olofsson and R. Nilsson |

92 |
Optimization of the Planning and Control of Locomotive Wheel Machining
L.M. Vianna, L.A.S. Lopes, L.M. Vianna and G.M.C. Viglioni |

93 |
Uniform Wheel Wear of a Two Axle Freight Vehicle with Friction Dampers
C. Casanueva, P.-A. Jönsson and S. Stichel |

94 |
MXRAIL: A Numerical Tool for the Design and Maintenance of Rails subject to Fatigue and Fracture
K. Dang Van |

95 |
The Suitability of Using Accumulated Plastic Strain to Assess the Damage at the Rail-Wheel Interfaces
I.U. Wickramasinghe, D. Hargreaves and D. De Pellegrin |

96 |
Squat Formation on Train Rails: Origination
M.J.M.M. Steenbergen |

97 |
Squat Formation on Train Rails: Growth
M.J.M.M. Steenbergen |

98 |
Rail Wear: Understanding the Effect of Third Body Materials
C. Hardwick, R. Lewis, D.T. Eadie and A. Rovira |

99 |
Wheel Wear Predictions and Analyses of High-Speed Trains
X.C. Jin, S.G. Sun and Q. Li |

100 |
Wear Modelling in Railway Vehicles: Development and Implementation of an Innovative Model for the Prediction of the Wheel Profile Evolution due to Wear
J. Auciello, M. Ignesti, L. Marini, E. Meli, A. Rindi and P. Toni |

**MODELS FOR RAILWAY VEHICLE-INFRASTRUCTURE INTERACTION** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY J.E. ABDALLA FILHO AND T. MAZILU |

101 |
Preliminary Simulation and Design of a Weight in Motion System
A. Rindi, L. Pugi and E. Meli |

102 |
The Effect of the R-Value on the Lifetime of Cracked Head-Hardened Steel Rails for Subways
H.P. Rossmanith and J. Broger |

103 |
Criteria for Ballast Flight Initiation Induced by High Speed Trains
F. Sorribes, F. Navarro-Medina, A. Sanz-Andrés, I. Perez-Grande, A. Martínez, E. Vega, A. Mascaraque, M. Rodriguez-Plaza, I.J. Iglesias Díaz, A. Andres-Alguacil and D. Alonso Gimeno |

104 |
Railway Vehicle-Bridge Interaction Considering Wheel-Rail Contact, Track Irregularities and Speed Variations
L.F.M. Beghetto and J.E. Abdalla Filho |

105 |
Evaluating the Performance of Three Dimensional Finite Element Modelling of High-Speed Trains
A. El Kacimi, P.K. Woodward, O. Laghrouche and G. Medero |

106 |
Development of a Vehicle Guide Device for use on a Ballasted Track
M. Kusuda |

107 |
The Influence of Track Stiffness on the Measurement of the Wheel Rail Contact Force
A. Bracciali, L. Di Benedetto, F. Piccioli and M. Cavalletti |

108 |
Dynamic Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Floating Slabs
R. Carrazedo, J.T. Carvalho and A.R. Takeuti |

**ANALYTICAL AND SEMI-ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF RAIL-FOUNDATION STRUCTURES** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY P. KOZIOL AND Z. DIMITROVOVÁ |

109 |
Estimation of Parameters for Soil Vibration Caused by Railway Traffic
S.N. Polukoshko, V.F. Gonca and E.V. Uspenska |

110 |
The Influence of Subgrade Subsidence on Train Track Dynamic Interaction
E.J. OBrien, A. Taheri and K. Gavin |

111 |
Dynamic Effects in Bernoulli-Euler Beams subject to a Moving Load with Variable Speed
R. Bogacz and K. Frischmuth |

112 |
The Response of a Double-Beam on a Nonlinear Foundation arising from a Moving Load
Z. Hryniewicz and P. Koziol |

113 |
Phase Anticipating in Two Forced Self-Sustained Oscillators
T. Pyragiene |

114 |
Moving Loads on a Visco-Elastically Supported Beam with Localized Disturbances
Z. Dimitrovová |

115 |
Railway Traffic Effects on Structures and the Environment
J. Bencat and J. Konar |

116 |
An Analysis of the Dynamic Effects of Periodic Structures subject to a Moving Load
R. Bogacz, T. Krzyzynski and P. Koziol |

**RAIL-SOIL MODELLING AND VIBRATIONS ATTENUATION FOR TRAIN TRANSPORTATION** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY M. MATOS NEVES AND P. KOZIOL |

117 |
Modelling of Vibrations in Tunnels using the Finite Element Method with Perfectly Matched Layers
P. Lopes, P. Alves Costa, R. Calçada and A. Silva Cardoso |

118 |
On the Modelling of Elastomeric Isolators to Predict the Attenuation of Track Vibration
V. Fonsterè, J. Peset, C. Saborido, A. Rodríguez and J. Poblet |

119 |
Wavelet-Based Analysis of a Multilayered Foundation subject to a Moving Load Using Generalized Coiflets
P. Koziol and M.M. Neves |

120 |
The Wavelet Finite Element Analysis of a Beam subject to a Moving Load
M. Musuva and C. Mares |

121 |
Efficiency of Ballast Mats for the Reduction of Vibrations Induced by Traffic: A Parametric Study
P. Alves Costa, P. Lopes, R. Calçada and A. Silva Cardoso |

122 |
Viscoelastic Layer under Moving Load: Vibration Response using a Coiflet Expansion and the Finite Element Method
M.M. Neves and P. Koziol |

123 |
A Time Domain Boundary Element-Finite Element Coupling Approach based on the Finite Element Implicit Green's Functions for Induced Vibrations from High-Speed Trains
A. Romero, J. Maestre, J. Domínguez and P. Galvín |

124 |
A Comparison of Environmental Vibratory Effects of Railway Rolling Stock using a Compound Multibody-Finite Element Model
G. Kouroussis, C. Conti and O. Verlinden |

**TRAMWAY SYSTEMS** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY P. FISETTE AND H. SUGIYAMA |

125 |
Technical State Monitoring Systems for Light Rail Vehicles and Tracks
B. Firlik and A. Chudzikiewicz |

126 |
Vehicle-Turnout Interactions on Tramways with Multiple Wheel-Rail Contact
H. Sugiyama, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Suda, H. Kagaya and H. Ezaki |

127 |
MoKoBa: A Model-Configuration Kit for the MBS-Simulation of Light-Rail Vehicles
M. Schwickert and C. Schindler |

128 |
Condition Monitoring Algorithms for Light Rail Vehicle Suspension
B. Firlik and B. Sowinski |

129 |
Sharp Curve Negotiation Analysis of Tramcar Vehicles with Different Bogie Architectures
R. Corradi, G. Diana and A. Facchinetti |

**CHARACTERIZATION, PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS OF THE FOUNDATION AND TRACK-BED LAYERS** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY E. FORTUNATO AND A. ROBINET |

130 |
The Falling Weight Deflectometer: Application to Railway Substructure Evaluation
J. Fernandes, A. Paixão, S. Fontul and E. Fortunato |

131 |
New Design Criteria for Railway Infrastructure: Application to a Spanish High Speed Line
I. Gallego, S. Sanchez-Cambronero, A. Rivas and E. Laguna |

132 |
A Comparative Analysis of Railway Ballast
H. Guler and N. Mert |

133 |
The Water Effect on the Cyclic Mechanical Behaviour of a Blanket Soil Layer of an Old Railway in France
V.-N. Trinh, A.-M. Tang, Y.-J. Cui, T.-V. Duong, J.-C. Dupla, J. Canou, N. Calon and A. Robinet |

134 |
Non Destructive Tests for Evaluation of Railway Platforms: Application of Ground Penetrating Radar
S. Fontul, E. Fortunato, F. De Chiara and A. Paixão |

**SWITCHES AND CROSSINGS: TESTING, MODELLING AND SIMULATION** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY E. KASSA AND V. MARKINE |

135 |
Technical Development of Inspection Methods for Switches and Crossings in the East Japan Railway Company
Y. Hori |

136 |
Simulation of Train-Turnout Interaction and Validation using Field Measurements
C. Wan, V.L. Markine and I.Y. Shevtsov |

137 |
Field Experimental Studies of Railway Switches and Crossings
A. Cornish, E. Kassa and R. Smith |

138 |
Modelling Turnout Behaviour when Achieving a Neutral Temperature
T. Arts, V.L. Markine and I.Y. Shevtsov |

139 |
A Multi-Point Contact Detection Algorithm Combined with Approximate Contact Stress Theories
I. Coleman, E. Kassa and R. Smith |

**TRACKBED ASSESSMENT AND IMPROVEMENT** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY N. THOM AND L. HORNÍCEK |

140 |
Measurement of the Magnitude of the Contact Area between Under Sleeper Pads and Ballast Bed Aggregates
L. Hornícek |

141 |
Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Sleeper Vibration with the Influence of Ballast
H. Sakai and A. Aikawa |

142 |
Design of a Cover Element for Slab Track Systems
A. Andreatta, Y. Theiner, J. Feix, G. Hofstetter, M. Kowalski and S. Knittel |

143 |
The Effect of Under-Sleeper Pads on Trackbed Deterioration Rate
N.H. Thom and J. Roberts |

**MODELLING OF RAILWAY TRACK-VEHICLE INTERACTION AT HIGH FREQUENCIES** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY L. BAEZA, A. RODA AND J. SANTAMARIA |

144 |
The Influence of Wheelflats on the Railway Track Dynamic Response in a Time-Domain Model
R. Fesharakifard, A. Dequidt and T. Tison |

145 |
Topographic Modelling of a Railway Track using a Global Navigation Satellite System
N.C. Dias, N.F. Henriques, J.M.F. Calado, M.A. Calado and S.S. Mariano |

146 |
Selected Numerical Calculations for a Reinforced Track Substructure Subject to Various Static and Dynamic Loads
J. Kukulski |

**VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF TRAIN-BRIDGE TIME-VARYING SYSTEMS AND THEIR APPLICATION** SPECIAL SESSION ORGANISED BY R.L. CHEN AND Q.S. LI |

147 |
A Review of the Trends in the Development of Dynamic Algorithms for Train-Bridge Time-Varying Systems
R.L. Chen, R.H. Gao, S.G. Cao, Z. Tang, S.J. Tang, X.Q. Xiao, Y.Q. Liu and H.B. Hu |

148 |
Mechanical Performance of Heavy Haul Railway Bridges Retrofitted using External Prestressing CFRP Tendons
F. Xu, L.H. Xu, H. Zeng and J. Ding |

149 |
Coupled Vibration Analysis of a Train-Rail-Bridge System Based on Multi-Body Dynamics
Z.J. Chen, H.P. Zhu, Z.Q. Qian, J. Li and H.Y. Cao |

**AERODYNAMICS AND CROSSWIND** |

150 |
Numerical Investigations on the Inter-Car-Gap Flow for a Generic High Speed Train
F.A. Sousa, J.M. Pereira, J.C.F. Pereira, I. Ali, A. Rüter, V. Alves and F. Rauter |

151 |
The Effect of Windbreaks on Railway Overheads subject to Cross-Winds at O Eixo Viaduct
F. Sorribes, O. Lopez-Garcia, A. Sanz-Andrés, A. Cuerva, J. Meseguer, A. Martínez, E. Vega, S. Avila-Sanchez, A. Mascaraque and J.C. Martínez |

152 |
Large Eddy Simulation of the Flow around a Simplified Train Moving through a Crosswind Flow
S. Krajnovic, P. Ringqvist and B. Basara |

153 |
High-Speed Particle Image Velocimetry of the Underfloor Flow of a Generic High-Speed Train Model
M. Jönsson, C. Wagner and S. Loose |

154 |
An Investigation on the Effects of Embankment Design on Railway Vehicle Aerodynamic Coefficients
F. Cheli, F. Galli, S. Giappino, P. Schito and G. Tomasini |

155 |
How a Ballast Bed Smoothes the Pressure Wave Created by a Train Entering a Tunnel
J.M.C.S. André |

156 |
Mode Decomposition of Flow Structures in the Wake of Two High-Speed Trains
T.W. Muld, G. Efraimsson and D.S. Henningson |

157 |
Aerodynamic Shape Optimization of High-Speed Trains
S. Krajnovic, E. Helgason and H.E. Hafsteinsson |

158 |
Shape Optimization of Train Head Cars using Adjoint-based Computational Fluid Dynamics
D. Jakubek and C. Wagner |

159 |
Static Pressure Impact on Aerodynamics of High Speed Railway Tunnels
N. Montenegro, F. Sorribes, O. Lopez-Garcia, F. Navarro-Medina, A. Sanz-Andrés and R. Rodríguez-Illanes |

160 |
Numerical-Experimental Analysis of Wind-Break Fences for High Speed Railway Lines
F. Cheli, F. Ripamonti, P. Schito and G. Tomasini |

161 |
Wind Tunnel Experiments with a High-Speed Train Model subject to Cross Wind Conditions
J. Haff, H. Richard, U. Fey, T. Kowalski, S. Loose and C. Wagner |

162 |
Large Eddy Simulation of the Flow around one Single-Stacked Container Freight Wagon
J. Östh and S. Krajnovic |

163 |
Experimental Study of the Compression-Wave Generation due to Train-Tunnel Entry
D. Heine and K. Ehrenfried |

164 |
A Numerical Investigation of Time-Dependent Cross-Wind Effects on an Idealised Leading Rail Car
S. Schiffer and C. Wagner |

165 |
Aerodynamic Optimization of the ICE 2 High-Speed Train Nose using a Genetic Algorithm and Metamodels
J. Muñoz-Paniagua, J. García, A. Crespo and S. Krajnovic |

**RAILWAY STRATEGIES AND POLICIES** |

166 |
The Influence of Varying Vehicle Mass and Aerodynamic Drag on Monetary Energy Savings over the Life Cycle of a High-Speed Train
J. Pagenkopf, M. Fischer, S. Ehrenberger and H. Dittus |

167 |
Technology Assessment in the High-Speed Train Manufacturing Industry: Evidence from a Case Study
S. Martins Moretto, A. Pastrana Palma and A. Brandão Moniz |

168 |
The Potential for Passenger Rail Transportation in the Republic of Serbia
Z. Popovic, L. Lazarevic and L. Puzavac |

169 |
Railway Certification: Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety Calculations
J. Faria, J. Almeida, R. Cordeiro, J. Rodrigues and R. Barbosa |

170 |
Economic Analysis for Rail Projects using Fuzzy Set Theory
D. Al Sheikh, M. El-Cheikh and J. Omran |

171 |
An Analysis of Service Quality Provided to InterRailers in Italy, Greece and Croatia
C. Dinis Fernandes and M. Sarmento |

**ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT** |

172 |
A Simulation Tool for Train Energy Consumption and Recoverable Energy
J. de D. Sanz Bobi, R. Loiero and A. De Ribera Martín |

173 |
Particle Emissions from Rail Vehicles: A Review
S. Abbasi, U. Sellgren and U. Olofsson |

174 |
A Permanent Magnet-Electrically Excited Motor for High-Speed Train Applications
M. Schier, F. Rinderknecht and H. Dittus |

175 |
The Smart Grid Applied to Railway Traction Systems: A Vision for Integration
T.W. Palfreyman |

176 |
A New Approach to the Assessment of the Unbalance Produced by Railway Networks
J. de D. Sanz Bobi and R. Loiero |

**SAFETY, COMMUNICATION AND OPERATIONS** |

177 |
Models of High Speed Train Emergency Braking Deceleration for the Definition of Automatic Train Protection Intervention Curves
M. Malvezzi, L. Pugi, S. Papini, G. Vettori, L. Conti and S. Tesi |

178 |
Algorithms for Embedded Anti-Collision Devices for Rolling Stock Safety Tasks
A. Levchenkov, M. Gorobetz, P. Balckars and I. Alps |

179 |
Operational and Technical Testing of the European Train Control System
L. Ebrecht, M. Meyer zu Hörste and K. Lemmer |

180 |
Development of a Train Approach Alarm System with GPS-Linked Mobile Phones
Y. Haranou |

181 |
Finding a Real Passenger Path in a Complex Transit Network Using a Smart Card Record
J. Min, J. Park, S. Oh and M. Sohn |

**TILTING AND CONTROL SYSTEMS** |

182 |
Suppression of Low-Frequency Lateral Vibration by Improving the Response of Pneumatic Actuators for Tilt Control
A. Kazato, S. Kamoshita and Y. Yamanaga |

183 |
Advanced Diagnostics for a Position Control System of the Pantographs of Tilting Trains
D. Bolognese, D. Ferrara, G. Jacazio and M. Sorli |

184 |
The Infrastructure Costs of New Tracks for Tilting Trains compared with Non-Tilting Trains
H.L. Rho, G.S. Kim and S.H. Han |

185 |
Application of Different Control Techniques to Railway Semi-Active Suspension Systems
B. Allotta, L. Pugi, V. Colla, F. Bartolini and F. Cangioli |

**PANTOGRAPH-CATENARY DYNAMICS** |

186 |
Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization Design of a Pantograph for a High-Speed Train
J.S. Paik, Y.G. Kim, J.H. Lee, T.W. Park and K.H. Kim |

187 |
PANTOBOT: A Computer Vision System for the Automatic Inspection of Locomotive Pantographs
M. Sacchi, L. Ascari, S. Cagnoni, A. Piazzi and D. Spagnoletti |

188 |
Optimal Control of Pantograph-Catenary Systems using MatLab
An. Matvejevs and Al. Matvejevs |

**RAILWAY NOISE** |

189 |
A Variable-Directivity Locomotive Horn for Minimization of Wayside Noise Impact
J.C. Ross, B.K. Parida, A.K. Zaouk, G. Nash and S.K. Punwani |

190 |
Aeroacoustics of a High-Speed Train Double Model at High Reynolds Numbers
A. Lauterbach, K. Ehrenfried, S. Loose and C. Wagner |

191 |
A New Noise Reduction System for Interior Noise in Railway Vehicles
M. Asahina, K. Yamamoto, S. Mamada and D. Sato |

**STATION DESIGN** |

192 |
Building a High-Speed Railway Station in Girona
V. Pujol Baldellou, J. Tomas Acosta, C. Ramos Moreno, Á.C. Aparicio Bengoechea and G. Ramos Schneider |

193 |
Contemporary Architecture: Station Design for the Diffuse Loci of Travel
E. Ginelli and L. Castiglioni |